Water and Sanitation (WASH)

The aim of Inter Church Committee, Warrap State, South Sudan Water and Sanitation programme is to promote good personal and environmental hygiene in order to protect health. An effective WASH programme relies on an exchange of information between the agency and the affected population in order to identify key hygiene problems and culturally appropriate solutions. Ensuring the optimal use of all water supply and sanitation facilities and practicing safe hygiene will result in the greatest impact on public health.

Hygiene promotion is vital to a successful WASH intervention. The focus on ICCWSSS hygiene promotion is general and specific. In general terms, hygiene promotion is integral to all of our programmes and is important for water supply, excreta disposal, vector control, solid waste management and drainage.

Water is essential for life, health and human dignity. In extreme situations, Warrap State is faced with insufficient water supply to meet basic needs and in these cases supplying a survival level of safe drinking water is of critical importance. In most cases, the main health problems in Warrap State are caused by poor hygiene due to insufficient water and by the consumption of contaminated water.

Safe disposal of human excreta creates the first obstacle to excreta-related disease, helping to reduce disease transmission through direct and indirect routes. Safe excreta disposal is, therefore, a major priority and in most situations in Warrap State it should be addressed with as much speed and effort as the provision of a safe water supply. The provision of appropriate facilities for defecation can be one of a number of emergency responses essential for people’s dignity, safety, health and well-being.

ICCWSSS is also handling Solid waste management which poses public health risks to the population residing in market centres in Warrap State and has a negative impact on the environment. Such risks arise from the breeding of flies and rodents that thrive on solid waste and pollute the surface. Uncollected and accumulating solid waste in major market centres in Warrap State continue  to create an ugly and depressing environment, which might help discourage efforts to improve other aspects of environmental health. In Warrap State solid waste often blocks drainage channels and leads to an increased risk of flooding, resulting in environmental health problems associated with stagnant and polluted surface water.